English Language

The Petroleum Trail

Cross-border trail connects the places associated with the beginnings and history of the oil industry. Its main axis: Jasło, Krosno, Sanok, Lesko, Ustrzyki Dolne, Sambor-Borysław, Drohobycz and Lviv in Ukraine, is enriched with loops for bicycle and walk tourism.

In the second half of 19th century the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia was experiencing the so called "oil fever". Traces of fortunes and the first machines for oil extracting and processing are located along the trail, as well as places associated with the activity of Ignacy ‎‎Łukasiewicz - the inventor of the kerosene lamp, which burned in the Lviv hospital in 1853.

In 1854, in Bóbrka near Krosno he founded the world's first oil mine as well as distilleries and refineries in Ulaszowice, Chorkówka and Polanka. Oil wells were also constructed around Sanok, Lesko and Ustrzyki Dolne. The most important center of the "Galician Texas" was the Borysław - Drohobycz oil region, which significantly influenced the development of the region. The trail passes by both the open-air museums and museums with exhibitions devoted to the history of the oil industry, as well as the places, where in still working mines some preserved original oil machines and equipment can be found.

The depletion of deposits, modernization of mining processes and reorganization of the oil and gas mining structures will soon lead to the fact that the Oil Trail with its marking becomes only a sign of the birth of the oil industry in this region. The additional colours to the historic oil mining objects are added by the charming landscape which is dominated by the unique natural resources along the Petroleum Trail, as well as the great secular and sacred monuments of the cultures interaction showing the richness of cultural heritage and complex history of these lands.